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Captain John Smith, engraving by Simon van de Passe, 1616, Havre de Grace Maritime Museum, 100 Lafayette St., Havre de Grace, Maryland, June 2015. Photo by Sarah A. Hanks.1600 - 16991608, June 2 & July 24. Capt. John Smith (1580-1631) led two voyages exploring the Chesapeake Bay.c. 1620. Earliest appearance in Maryland of European objects in archeological context.1629. George Calvert (1578/9-1632), 1st Lord Baltimore, sailed from Newfoundland to Virginia.1631, May. Kent Island trading post and farming settlement established by William Claiborne, member of Virginia Council.1632, June 20. Charles I (1600-1649), King of Great Britain and Ireland, granted Charter to Cecilius Calvert (1605-1675), 2nd Lord Baltimore, who named Maryland after Charles' wife, Henrietta Maria (1609-1669).1633. William Claiborne opened trading post on Palmers Island (now Watson's Island) near mouth of Susquehanna River.Charles I, King of England, Studio ofAnthony Van Dyke, c.1640 (MSA SC 1545-1099). Courtesy of Commission on Artistic Property, Maryland State Archives.1633, Nov. 22. English settlers, led by Leonard Calvert, set sail on Ark and Dove from Cowes, England, for Maryland. Calvert had been appointed Maryland's first Governor by his brother, Cecil Calvert, 2nd Lord Baltimore, following grant of Maryland Charter by Charles I, King of Great Britain and Ireland.A Briefe Relation of the Voyage Unto Maryland, by Father Andrew White1634, March 25. Landing of settlers at St. Clement's Island (Maryland Day). Calvert party celebrated Feast of Annunciation (March 25); later purchased land from Yaocomaco tribe, and built "Fort at St. Mary's City.""Daily Life in the New World, 1634-1715"1634-1644. Leonard Calvert, governor.1634/5, Feb. 26. First General Assembly (law-making assembly of freemen) met at St. Mary's City.1634-1694. St. Mary's City, established March 27, 1634, served as capital of Maryland.1635. Proprietary vessels clash with those of William Claiborne.1635, Sept. 8. A Relation of Maryland published by Jerome Hawley and John Lewger (London).1636. Leonard Calvert House (later, Country's House), East St. Mary's, served as state house and governor's residence.1637. St. Mary's County first cited in provincial records.1638. Assembly claimed protections of English law; Assembly and courts met at John Lewger's St. John's.1639. First elections in province for delegates to Assembly ordered by Governor Leonard Calvert on Kent Island, and in hundreds (political subdivisions or districts) of Mattapanient, St. Michael's St. Mary's, and St. George's.1639, May 28. Company of soldiers pressed into service for military expedition on "Indians of the Eastern Shore," per gubernatorial order.1639/40, Jan. 3. Governor Calvert declared war on Piscataway nation of "Maquantequats."1639/40, Jan. 24. Cecil Calvert, 2nd Baron Baltimore, declared peace with and offered protection to the Patuxent, by way of his brother and personal representative in Province, Governor Leonard Calvert.1641, Aug. 13. Governor Leonard Calvert surveyed and patented 100-acre plot of land, thereafter known as Governor's Field, for tobacco plantation at St. Mary's City.1642. Governor's residence in St. Mary's City, Calvert House, completed by this time; Assembly began to meet there.1642. Kent County first cited in records of commissioner appointments.1642, Sept. 13. Susquehannocks, Wicomisses, and Nanticokes declared "enemies" of Province by gubernatorial proclamation.1642/3, Jan. 26. Governor Calvert established peace with and rescinded his declaration of war on Nanticokes.1643-1644, Oct. Giles Brent, acting provincial governor.1643/4. Due to Indian attacks against English settlers at Patuxent in 1643, Acting Governor Giles Brent authorized settlers to warn off and then shoot Indians who approached but would not leave.1644, June 8. Acting Governor Giles Brent declared peace with and offered protection to the Patuxents.1645, Feb. 14-1646, Dec. Ingle's Rebellion: Richard Ingl


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